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Rosh Hashana and the Month of Tishrei – Rosh Hashana begins at Sundown September 20, 2017

Rosh Hashana and the Month of Tishrei

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In a certain sense Tishrei is the most Jewish of all the months. Even people who for whatever reason no longer feel the stirrings of something beyond the material confines of day to day life, sometimes feel something move within them when they think about Rosh Hashana, Yom Kippur and Sukkot – all of which take place in this month.

Tishrei is the first month on any Jewish calendar, but in the Torah we see something rather perplexing; it is referred to consistently as the seventh month, not the first.

This disparity is caused by two different ways of counting one month. One is to begin with Creation, what Jews see as the most central event to ever take place. We therefore unhesitatingly call it the first or primary month.

God however sees it from an entirely different angle. To Him, the most significant moment in time was the Exodus from Egypt, which made us a people and opened up the door for our accepting His word as our guide. Nothing could be as primary to the world’s existence than that day. This is why Nissan, the month in which the Exodus took place, is referred to consistently in the Torah as “the first month.” According to this way of counting, Tishrei is the seventh month of the year.

This way of thinking doesn’t relegate Tishrei to being just another package of time. Being month seven is also a major statement. There is inherent mystery and significance in the number seven. It isn’t a coincidence that Shabbos is the seventh day. Any physical object has six sides, which we refer to as “surface.” The inside is the seventh aspect, the part that cannot be seen when we look exclusively on the outside. Time is like a seed that has the DNA for its entire future. As it grows, all of its hidden potential is awakened. In the same way, all of the light that was infused into each of the holy days of this month is released slowly over the course of time so that we experience the spiritual potential of these days every year.

What would we see if we looked at the inside of creation and saw its meaning just as vividly as we can look at the outside of creation through a microscope, National Geographic, or space ship?

The ancients saw the world as a macrocosm, a giant human being. In turn, each one of us is a microcosm, a miniature world. We are just beginning to scratch the surface and reveal something of the world’s “brain”, the biological programs that contain the essence of everything that we experience. We can talk about the molecular building blocks of matter and about genetic programs, while not too long ago both areas were shrouded in mystery. Even if one day soon, we would somehow put all the information together meaningfully, as Einstein dreamed of doing when he endeavored ceaselessly to uncover what he called a “unified theory,” at most we would see the way the world works from the outside in.

The seventh month, Tishrei, is the time that we can look at the world from the inside, from its spiritual core outward, its unified theory and building blocks.

Only Man is capable of meaningful spiritual response.

Rosh Hashana is the head of the year. In the same way that the head directs the actions of the body, the first day of Tishrei, Rosh Hashana, is the head of the year spiritually. It is the anniversary of the day that God created man. All the other creations, which receive their life force from God, who is sometimes called “soul of the universe,” have no possible means of responding to Him. Man is capable of meaningful spiritual response. We humans interpret reality and can chose to discover God’s hidden hand, or conversely relegate everything to its most superficial external level of interpretation.

For our forefather Abraham, seeing a sunrise was a question that demanded an answer. As the answer became progressively clearer, looking at the same sunrise became a passion driven religious experience. The clarity that he had at that moment is exactly what God envisioned for man at the time of creation. It is for this reason that when the Torah sums up the creation narrative, it says “These are the progeny of heaven and earth on the day they were created” (Genesis 3). The Hebrew word for “They were created,” — bi’hibaram — has the same Hebrew letters as the word ‘bi’Avraham,” which means “with Abraham.” From God’s perspective the entire cornucopia of reality was worth bringing into existence for the sake of Abraham, who would actualize the plan that God had for Adam, the first man, when He told Adam to conquer the earth. The intent was not to tell Adam, the prototype of every future human, that he could exploit the world for his own gain. It was to tell him that he could conquer the world’s external reality, and make it his own by learning its meaning and making it his own.

Once Rav Kook was walking with one of his students. As they walked together, the younger man absentmindedly picked leaves off the shrubbery that grew on the side of the road. He noticed that Rav Kook winced as he did this and asked, “Is everything alright?” av Kook replied that everything in the world has purpose and meaning, and nothing should be randomly destroyed.

Rav Kook was fully aware that the leaves were unlikely to be useful in the mundane sense of the word. They were useful in a deeper sense; they could be part of our process of becoming aware of the beauty and intricacy of creation and the unknowable wisdom of the creator.

“Every year,” the Arizal, the great mystic scholar who lived in Sefad close to 500 years ago, tells us that “on Rosh Hashana new intellectual light enters the world, opening our minds to see what Adam saw.” It is a day in which we can evaluate who we are, where we are going, and to what degree our lives are truly lived in a way that is truly human.

Yom Kippur is the heart of the year. It is a day of forgiveness and reconciliation in which we can fearlessly enter the forest within us to explore the deepest parts of our lives, the areas that are too shadowy for us to see or even want to see. When we examine ourselves honestly, inevitably we will find that we have at times blocked out our ability to see more that life’s superficial side. No one is perfect, and in fact one of the greatest problems that we have is that we have to at least fool ourselves into believing in our own perfection. We rationalize, reframe, and deny away our spiritual and moral failures.

On Yom Kippur, we can look deeper and more honestly at ourselves. We will find that underneath all the layers there is goodness, purity, and yearning. God imbued this day with the power to let us tear aside all the curtains, and see ourselves not as we have become, but as we want to be. We would never be able to achieve this level of redefinition on our own. Yom Kippur is a day in which God channels down forces that opens up the doors for us. We can be brave and honest enough to walk through the doors joyously, or we can close our eyes to their existence. God won’t force anyone to open the door.

Instead of trying to feel more secure, we try to get a taste of life’s transience.

Barely a few days pass, and Tishrei shows another aspect of the internal workings of reality. Sukkot arrives, and we celebrate our newly won closeness to God by moving into a sukkah, a shack-like structure with no permanent roof. For a full week we reverse most of what we do the rest of the year. Instead of trying to feel more secure, we try to get a taste of life’s transience. Instead of inviting just Marg and Vel, and maybe a few students or people passing through, we invite the Patriarchs, Moses, Joseph and David. They are part of our inner world, and we try to make them at home with us as we try to make us aware of them, and depth and permanence of the imprint that they have left upon us as a people.

We let our sensitivity to the spiritual bond that we have with every Jew regardless of who he is find expression in the four species of plants that the Torah commands that we take and bless. The lulav (palm branch) which has a taste but no smell, is compared to a Jew who is intellectual aware of the Torah’s truth, but doesn’t let it flow down to affect his deeds. The etrog (citron) has both taste and smell and is compared to one who is fortunate enough to have both knowledge and good deeds express his personality. The hadassim (myrtle) has smell and no taste, symbolizing a person with deeds but nothing to back it up with intellectually. Finally the aravot, (willow) which has neither taste nor smell, which we hold with the same devotion as the etrog which has both, is the icon of one who lives in a world in which there is no consciousness and no deeds. He too is part of our people, and we need to love him unconditionally just as much as he needs our unconditional love.

Tishrei’s last holiday, Simchat Torah, says it all. There is a world out there. We want to learn it, love it, and navigate it. We will never allow ourselves to content our minds and hearts with its outer contours. We’ll walk its spiritual alleys and streets, and we’ll follow the instruction book that reveals the blueprint that is the core of its being. We’ll let our spiritual and physical joy at having a map that reveals it all take us over.

Have a great Tishrei and a great New a year.

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